chapter  1
4 Pages

Introduction

WithShashi Kant Mishra, Bhagwat Ram

Linear programming depends on development of other mathematical theories and mathematical tools, one of these is of course Convex Analysis, which was not known well before. The birth of the linear programming theory took place in two different, equally developed countries: the USSR and USA, but the motivating forces were also entirely different. In the USSR, the father of linear programming is Leonid Vitalievich Kantorovich (1912–1996) and he is well known in the mathematical community for his achievements in linear programming, mathematical economics and functional analysis. Jack Little and Steve Bangert were attracted with the new programming environment and rewrote several developed MATLAB functions in C. Cleve Barry Moler, Little and Bangert founded the Mathworks, Inc., in 1984. MATLAB was first adopted by researchers and practitioners in control engineering, Little's specialty, but quickly spread to many other domains. It is now also used in education for learning and teaching.