Tests for Analysis and Evaluation
Reading progress is measured and difficulties are assessed in order to take the most logical steps when instructing students. Tests help professionals construct reasonable hypotheses and explanations of a student's progress. They are a primary source of information for determining what factors may be causing a particular reading problem. References were made to tests which are commonly used by teachers to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of readers. This chapter examines reading tests in some detail, particularly with those used in psychological assessment. Many of these tests are administered by psychometrists; however, their results must be interpreted and understood by teachers and other specialists. Cognitive strengths and weaknesses are determined by examining many children of the same age and grade in order to provide a basis for understanding the child's academic needs. Norm-referenced tests are used to evaluate student performance. These test scores are interpreted to indicate an individual's relative standing in a specific group.