A translocal approach assists in tuning in on the multi-scalar processes through which group identities materialize, and it equally facilitates a critical engagement with the current state of affairs in tourism. This chapter suggests that multicultourism is not primarily about tourism, but is rather a response to indigenous political mobilization and the threat posed by the increased attention to the rights of indigenous citizens. In the course of the 1990s, an unprecedented arena of political negotiation emerged for indigenous Latin Americans, as many nations within the region reformed their constitutions to accommodate notions of multiculturalism, officially recognizing the plurality of national citizens. Multicultourism thus promulgates a setting within which rural indigenous people may simultaneously become full-fledged citizens, improve their livelihood, preserve their cultural heritage, and emerge as the central agent and national figure of a new multiculturalist Mexico. The chapter also presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in this book.