The Old English Alphabet, Pronunciation and Accentuation
§1. The Old English Alphabet was based on that of Latin with the addition of the two symbols þ (N.E.th) and p (N.E.w), borrowed from the native runic alphabet, and of 5. It contained the follow ing vowels and consonants.
VOWELS: Front or Palatal æ, e, œ, i, y.
Back or Guttural a, o, u.
Diphthongs ea, eo, io, ie.
wNote 1.—All vowels might be long or short. When long they are marked in this grammar with a line above them, thus ā. When the sign ⌣ is used, it indicates that the vowel is short. The student should be careful from the beginning to observe the length of a vowel; ā and ă should be treated as two vowels as distinct as are a and e. Note 2.—3 is the symbol used in O.E. MSS. for g. For the sounds represented by it and for the use of the symbol 3 in this grammar see § 4, c. For ð see § 4, a, note. 5