The Contribution of the British Empire
This chapter focuses on the case from the point of view of the world community and its common interests, especially the British Empire. The British Empire should give a lead in the removal of every possible barrier to international trade; in the guaranteeing of equal access to raw materials; in greater freedom of migration, and lastly, in the acceptance of the Mandate System for all dependencies, the strengthening of the System itself, and the creation of facilities for foreign nationals to take part in the government of Mandated Territories. The granting of Imperial tariff preferences arose in the Dominions, was then followed by Great Britain and by India, and has now, by the Ottawa Agreements of 1932, been extended to the majority of colonies and protectorates. In the vast majority of cases the preference is accorded, not by lowering the duties paid by the British exporter to, e.g., Australia, but by imposing a higher tariff against the foreigner.