Devolved versus Centralized Rule
Aristotle's analysis gives people a fairly comprehensive view of forms of government, save of course for the fact that he has no state in the modern sense. One might think the responses by the Anti-Federalists are again prejudiced and mistaken, but a striking proof that they are not is given by the predictions that Anti-Federalist writers made about the effects of the US Constitution. An excellent summary of the Anti-Federalist position and of the brazen effrontery of the Federalists is given by Melanchthon Smith. For the final article, number thirteen, reads as follows: Every State shall abide by the determination of the United States in Congress assembled, on all questions which by this confederation are submitted to them. The Constitution simply dismisses the provision of the Articles that the Articles cannot be altered unless confirmed by the legislatures of all the states.