chapter  1
8 Pages

Fundamentals of Computer Security

When computers were first developed, computer security was simply a matter of providing the physical protection mechanisms to limit access to all but a few authorized individuals. The three fundamental objectives of computer security are: confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Most research in computer security has been in the area of confidentiality. The historical reason for this is that the majority of funding for computer security has been supplied by the federal government whose chief concern has always been maintaining the secrecy of its classified documents. Several issues involved in computer security are: first issue is a common one in computer science; and second issue is a financial one. One final issue that must be considered in any discussion on computer security is that often the problem is not technology, but people. An issue related to computer security provides an interesting paradox involving the joint concerns of privacy and ethics.