The Muslims of Brooklyn, New York
This chapter examines the approach of the New York Police Department (NYPD) toward surveilling Muslim citizens of Brooklyn, New York, based on Raza v. City of New York, filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York in 2013 and settled in 2016. It first examines the foundational report that structured the 2007 NYPD surveillance program, The Radicalization in the West: The Homegrown Threat, which reveals the lens through which NYPD officers assessed Islamic belief and expression. It next details the testimonies of the Muslim plaintiffs and subsequent settlement of the case, both of which provide insight into the approaches toward and conditions for surveillance. The chapter then assesses the distinctively predictive nature of this surveillance program in comparison to the monitoring approaches of the first two case studies.