chapter

Introduction

China and Its Schools
WithFranklin Parker, Betty June Parker

With a continuous culture of over 4,000 years, China dominates Asia as the world’s third largest (after the U.S.S.R. and Canada), most populous (over one billion people), and rapidly developing country. China stands out as a third world country able to feed, house, clothe, and extend health care to one of every four persons on earth. It has built bridges, railroads, and industrial complexes in some of the world’s most difficult terrain; exploded nuclear devices, launched satellites, and produced jets, submarines, tanks, missiles, and other weapons, along with cars, trucks, and large farm equipment; and given sizeable economic aid to other developing countries. Vigorous educational plans undergird China’s intent to modernize rapidly by the twenty-first century.