The American Board of Forensic Document Examiners (ABFDE) and the Board of Forensic Document Examiners (BFDE) publish, annually, a list of practitioners whom they have tested and certified and who are, thereby, entitled to the designation diplomate. Competence can also be evaluated on the examiner's curriculum vitae (CV), and in the capacity of his or her facilities to handle the task, as indicated by: equipment utilized and, resources available. The most efficacious means document examiners have for maintaining skills, gaining and testing new knowledge, and improving performance is through professional affiliations and participation in professional organizations and their meetings. Handwriting identification is an examination and study of a particular facet of human behavior or performance that is depicted by personal habits of behavior. Professional and ethical codes of conduct are cornerstones in forensic science professions and organizations need to promulgate and enforce codes of conduct among its professional members.