chapter  6
Bioenergy and Food Production: Appropriate Allocation for Future Development
ByNishith B. Desai, Santanu Bandyopadhyay
Pages 14

Renewable energy technologies can contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gases emission and the growing energy need. In recent years, the renewable energy sources such as solar, biomass, geothermal, and wind have been used widely for electrical power generation. The developing countries still use far less energy compared to the developed countries, and therefore finding alternative energy strategies is vital to ensure climate change targets (GEA 2012). Biomass, material derived from living/recently living organisms, is one of the oldest and the most important renewable energy resource. The traditional use of the biomass is for cooking. It is also used for heating, production of fuels and chemicals, structural materials, and generation of electricity. Sources of biomass include agricultural and forest residues, livestock wastes, dedicated plantation for energy, and the organic part of waste streams (biogas, landfill gas, municipal solid waste, etc.) (GEA 2012). Biomass has a significant potential to be used for sustainable energy needs of the future.