Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): From Case Law to Case Management and Life Care Planning Practice
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 has undergone a major transition, as a result of the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008. This chapter provides the life care planner a framework for understanding the transition the ADA has experienced, especially in defining what it means to have a disability under the Act. In 1984, Congress established the National Council on Disability (NCD) to make recommendations to promote equal opportunity for persons with disabilities. The NCD issued a follow-up report in 1988 entitled "On the Threshold of Independence", and the council published the draft bill of what was to become the ADA. Disability, as defined in the ADA, is a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; a record of such impairment; or being regarded as having an impairment. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) issued guidelines for complying with the ADA law.