The Role of the Occupational Therapist in Life Care Planning
Occupational therapists can provide a unique and critical role in the formation of the life care plan. Many of the pages of a life care plan fall under the domain of occupational therapy (OT). Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and develop social skills, helping people recovering from injury to regain function through retraining and/or adaptations, and providing support for older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes. Hinojosa and Blount describe Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) as "complex multi-step activities requiring the integration of higher level cognitive skills". The educational requirements for the OT have expanded over time. Previously, a registered occupational therapist (OTR) needed a bachelor's degree to enter practice, and working therapists with that level of education continue to practice. Many OTs perform wheelchair and seating evaluations as a part of their practice.