chapter  5
Current Trends in Performance- and Image-Enhancing Substance Use Among Gym Goers, Exercisers, and Athletes
ByNeha P. Ainsworth, Jake Shelley, Andrea Petróczi
Pages 34

The fifth chapter, ‘Current Trends in Performance- and Image-Enhancing Substance Use Among Gym Goers, Exercisers, and Athletes’ by Neha Ainsworth, Jake Shelley, and Andrea Petroczi, looks at the diffusion of PIEDs among gym goers, exercisers, and athletes. It profiles the main substances of abuse in fitness settings and emphasizes the possible motivations behind such use and the best forms of intervention. It discusses the performance- and image-enhancing drugs (PIEDs) in the framework of NPS and how the two phenomena might be interrelated.