The cybersecurity efforts of the US government are slowly maturing and starting to show more solid progress including the coordination and prioritization of cybersecurity research activities. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has a leading role in protecting the United States from calamity and catastrophe. DHS was conceived and recommended by the US Commission on National Security in the late 1990s out of a conviction that the entire range of US national security policies and processes required reexamination in the light of new circumstances. DHS pursues cybersecurity research to improve security for its numerous activities as well as the government and critical industry sectors. This includes cybersecurity support for the National Strategy for Global Supply Chain Security and the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has a leading role in the cutting-edge research and standard setting that is necessary to address cyber threats from around the globe.