Gathering Phenomenological Material
When one studies a phenomenon, then, it can be said that one must find the best way to study vibrations. Vibrations are not static or clean or stationary. They are moving and dynamic. In many phenomenological studies it is not necessary nor even desirable to ask the same questions in the same way. The goal is to find out as much as one can about the phenomenon from each particular participant. Poetry, short stories, fiction, realistic fiction, "three-minute" video scripts, narratives, and so on can open up aspects of the phenomenon. Music has a way to draw listeners into full engagement and tends to activate emotive aspects of phenomena that may or may not be evoked without it. Arts-based methodological tools are effective at enabling participants to articulate what they consider relevant to their experiences. Visual sociologists have used image-based "photo-elicitation" techniques to access adolescents' insights in ways language-centered methods cannot.