Principles of Practice Design
This chapter focuses on several contributors to effective practice design, including skill progressions, sequencing, and psychological strategies. Skill acquisition and performance enhancement result from carefully designed practice opportunities. The chapter discusses, in complexity and organization situations, practitioners must decide which segmentation technique will be most efficient in maximizing learning or whether another strategy, such as simplification. It examines several strategies, including sequencing and psychological strategies that will help practitioners maximize gains in skill proficiency. The chapter focuses on factors that influence practice effectiveness. In fractionization skill components that are normally performed simultaneously are partitioned and practiced independently. A practice option that combines the benefits of both part and whole practice is attention cueing. In attention cueing, the learner directs attention to a specific aspect of the skill while performing it as a whole. Skill acquisition and performance can benefit from mental practice as well as physical practice.