chapter  16
11 Pages

The Role of Gut Microbiota in the Pathogenesis and Treatment of Diabetes

WithStephen J. Walker, Shaun P. Deveshwar

The microbiota is comprised of an assortment of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, and viruses) found throughout the body. The microbiome, sometimes called the second genome, refers to the genetic component of the human microbiota. For simplicity, the terms microbiota and microbiome will be used interchangeably in this chapter, and the primary focus will be on the bacterial component found within the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiome and its relationship to the development and pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus.