chapter  4
6 Pages

1 Sponsored Growth Management Programs in the United States

The evolution in the most recent generation of state-sponsored growth management programs in the U.S. is defined by a progressive diversifi­ cation between the idealtypical dualism of policy orientations characterized basically as either top-down (as in the case of the legislation enacted since 1972 in Florida) or bottom-up; developments in institutional approaches have given rise to a broad typology of growth management programs (fig. 4.1) which, in the course of their political evolution, have evidenced a progressive shift in the definition of intergovernmental relationships from a preemptive-regulatory model towards models of conjoint and collaborative planning (Bollens 1992).