Manning: The Regulation of Numbers Employed
Employment requirements are supposedly determined by the owner or manager of the business to suit the needs of the industry. Unlike almost any other industry, employment on board ships is also regulated by minimum manning scales prescribed in statutes and statutory instruments. Although the scales of officer manning propounded in 1850 applied to all foreign-going vessels, more innovation came through specific legislation on passenger vessels. An insufficiency of competent officers on board a ship might imperil the safety of the ship, the crew, the passengers and the cargo. Ships powered by engines must carry at least one engineer with a second class engineer's qualification if they are foreign-going ships of under 100 HP or home trade passenger ships. Deck manning certificates issued in accordance with these rules are being issued over a period of time, initially on a voluntary basis, as each ship requires one.