Safety, Health and Welfare
Training, certification, manning, the lists of crew, and special agreements of the National Maritime Board, medical scales and disciplinary provisions are all connected in some way with the safety and preservation of life at sea. Although seamen are able to claim against their employers for injuries received in the course of their employment in breach of the common law duty of care, they lack for the most part the protection of specific safety legislation. Indeed, anything which improves the seaman's health, or reduces any tension or frustration he suffers during the course of the voyage, has a like result, and this is the justification for continuing the discussion of safety with that of health and welfare. Although accidents to ships are important in so far as they are the most spectacular cause of injury or death to crew members, these accidents to the workplace must be seen in perspective and placed against accidents at work.