This chapter explains the role of the non-farm economy in a manner which would capture both the broad economic trends, and the differentiating or contextual features of class, gender, ethnicity, community, ecology and policy change which give social and historical depth to the economic data. Nasarawan Doya is said to have been founded in the late 18th century by migrants from Katsina, Kano, Gobir and Niger. A 1996 assessment registered the population of Nasarawan Doya as 12,625 inhabitants. Nasarawan Doya has a range of public facilities, but most of them are barely operational. The village primary school, established in 1970, has little in the way of teaching materials, and few students. The village also has a dispensary, established in 1971, and a clinic, established in 1978. The dispensary has had no staff and no medicine for years, and during the course of the research was converted into a makeshift police station.