chapter  3
29 Pages


Modeling is communicating a visual or auditory representation of a motor skill, prosocial behavior, or psychological skill to someone in order to convey information about performing that skill or behavior. Demonstration, another term for modeling, is frequently used in physical education to describe the visual presentation of how to perform a motor skill or task. Modeling is one means of helping students acquire prosocial behaviors, but research cited earlier shows that it is most effective when combined with other strategies like reinforcement. Research shows that modeling can help individuals learn motor skills, prosocial behaviors, and psychological skills. Other research suggests ways physical educators can enhance the impact of modeling on student learning. One theory in which modeling plays an important part is social learning theory. Cognitive mediation theory, which explains how modeling influences learning, is derived from social learning theory.