chapter  1
20 Pages

About the Book

WithLouis Theodore, R. Ryan Dupont

The rapid growth and expansion of the chemical and energy industry has been accompanied by not only a spontaneous rise in chemical emissions to the environment but also human, material, and property losses because of fires, explosions, hazardous and toxic spills, equipment failures, other accidents, and business interruptions. Health problems and accidents can also occur in many ways other than from routine, daily, “normal” activities. There are also potential risks and accidents in the transport of people and materials: trucks overturning, trains derailing, and ships capsizing. A variety of US Environmental Protection Agency programs involved in the protection of groundwater and cleanup of environmental contamination utilize the risk-based decision-making approach. The job of the engineer and scientist is to measure or calculate the magnitude of risk and often compare the magnitude of one risk to other risks that are similar in nature.