chapter  1
22 Pages


Since the 1960s, integrated circuit manufacturing (ICM) has been making exponential progress, increasing the number of manufactured devices and the value of the total available market (TAM). The rate of this progress was such that it grew over a trillion times (12 orders of magnitude, 1012) in that time period, with a potential to expand believed to be at least another 7 years onward from any given point in time [1]. In the process, ICM companies created multiple rules, guidelines, and best practices, known as design for manufacturability (DfM), to ensure efficient electrical and physical design and to expedite revenue growth. This methodology was elaborated on in thousands of papers, disclosures, and monographs. A large industry, electronic design automation (EDA), was brought to life and became indispensable to ICM for developing tools and solutions for DfM.