chapter  8
22 Pages


In the previous chapter, the concept, classifi cation, and technical properties of nanocomposite and nanostructured thin fi lms and coatings have been introduced. In addition, important and popular thin-fi lm deposition techniques and principles have been reviewed. For a variety of applications, different structures and properties of a nanostructured and nanocomposite coating system are required, leading to specifi c coating design and correlated deposition process parameter control. In general, nanocomposite coatings can demonstrate different mechanical, electrical, optical, electrochemical, catalytic, and structural properties than those of each individual component [1]. This multifunctional behavior is closely connected to the fi lm structure. The structure, however, depends on the phases, chemical composition, and the arrangement of the phases in the material and this in turn is strongly governed by the deposition process.