chapter  4
7 Pages

Working with Human Subjects

ByGregory Young, Jenny Olin Shanahan

The major focus of this chapter is human subject research. We define and discuss the role of institutional review boards in reviewing, approving, and monitoring research involving human subjects in order to ensure that all research is conducted in accordance with federal, institutional, and ethical guidelines.  We provide an overview of the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI training), including information for students about what to expect and a rationale for human subject training.  A brief synopsis of Rebecca Skloot’s book, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks will enlighten students about this. In addition to Henrietta Lacks, we will provide examples from music education and studies of audience engagement to illustrate the importance of human participation in research and how to recruit, involve, and report on such participation ethically. The chapter concludes with a brief overview of types of music projects requiring IRB approval and CITI training.