The response of the State Reforms of industrial relations and education
The principal integrated instruments of change were directed toward liberalisation of supply-side labour inputs to economic activity, involving, respectively, reform of industrial relations, orientation of education toward vocationalism and the articulation of an active manpower policy through the private sector. The British government has committed itself to undertake systematic reform of the educational system by giving primacy to the economic strand of the educational value-system. Vocational education has always been seen as for the horny-handed and the low-browed: only academic qualification has mattered. Technical and Vocational Education Initiative (TVEI) differs from previous educational initiatives on a number of scores. Higher education faces major challenges with regard to both quantity and nature of its 'output'. In contrast to the United States and Germany, Britain suffers from a dearth of manpower planning information, which has meant that organising any educational provision for employment needs has been very much a hit and miss affair.