Training policies and practices in other countries
This chapter presents a number of influences which bear upon training provision in different countries. The areas examined — education, relations of employment and employer policies and practice — were chosen for their relative permanence and because each area has a clear relationship with learning and with developing appropriate skill and work capabilities. The German approach to public policy exhibits numerous differences to British experience which together help to contribute toward the very different economic paths of development taken by these countries in recent years. An inverse relationship might be expected between high state involvement in vocational education and training and the amounts of training provided by employers. Employers in Germany and Japan build upon strong learning platforms provided by education as a basis for substantial and continuing in-work development without State compulsion. Employers are prepared to pay for specific training as they will benefit from resultant higher productivity which, due to its uniqueness, competing employers are unable to poach.