chapter  Chapter 2
17 Pages

Debate on Policies of the National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society, and American College of Radiology

WithSamuel S. Epstein

Cancer strikes one in three and kills one in four Americans, with over 500,000 deaths in 1991. A report by the American Hospital Association predicts that cancer will become the leading cause of death by the year 2000 and the “dominant specialty” of American medicine. Breast cancer strikes one in nine women, a dramatic increase from the one in 20 measured in 1950. In 1992, 180,000 new cases and 46,000 deaths are expected. The risks of mammography, especially for premenopausal women, persist with the lower radiation doses found in modern facilities with dedicated equipment and licensed operators. As part of its prevention efforts, National Cancer Institute supports numerous studies of the total environment contributing to cancer causation including studies on viruses, natural and synthetic chemicals, dietary and nutritional factors, fibers, ultraviolet radiation, ionizing radiation, and other factors. The American College of Radiology has misrepresented the Canadian study which confirms mammography risks.