The Anglo-American Avant-Garde: H.D. (1886-1961), Amy Lowell (1874-1925), Marianne Moore (1887-1972), Laura (Riding) Jackson (1901-1991), Gertrude Stein (1874-1946) and Mina Loy (1882-1966)
Since high modernism has been gendered as male in British history, experimental poetics have become associated with men, yet contemporaneously women were significant participants in the avant-garde. The social and psychological independence, the critical writing and literary activities of these women indicate their involvement in new systems of representation and signification. I am adopting the classification' Anglo-American' in recognition of the cultural interchanges effected by the magazines, which were often started or steered by women, and by the movement of writers between Europe and the United States. 'Anglo-American' also accommodates the ex-patriation of H.D. and Laura Riding, from America to England, and Mina Loy from England to New York.