Outcomes and Outputs
A funding body will, depending on their values, issues and ethos, specify or intend that certain things should happen as a result of research being done. The outcome for a student researcher studying for a higher-level degree will often be a personal one: he or she will develop the skills to be a more adept researcher. An outcome is something which is expected to happen as a result of the research being done, which is in line with the stated goals of the funding agency and the funded research. In the competitive world of research funding, the funder must see clearly why research is worth its investment over the hundreds of others they could choose. The value of the outcome will relate to the values of the funder and the researchers. Researchers need to find out which funders will be the most appropriate for them in terms of valued outputs and outcomes, and address the proposal accordingly.