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12 Pages

Invalidity Pensions - or Disability Insurance?

III.l What Does Invalidity/Disability Mean?

Before we address the mainstreaming of invalidity /disability from destiny (random selection) to self-determination, as well as the salience, success and failure of mod­ ern disability welfare policies, some thoughts are in order about what invalidity/ disability actually means. How can this most complex of phenomena be defined and measured - and how can people, their needs, hardships and behaviour, their restricted employment opportunities, life chances and their compensation requirements be clas­ sified accordingly? What are the problems that these definitions, measurements and classifications involve, and how do these problems impact on invalidity/disability entitlements?