Conclusions This book has argued that the EU has treated Turkey differently compared to the other applicant counties in the present enlargement round. Before further explore this argument, there seems to be important question remaining: why should the EU treat all applicants ‘fairly’ in the enlargement process? In this respect, the question might rise where the borders of the EU should ultimately end. Should the EU differentiate the applicants on the basis geographical, cultural, and historical criteria? It is true that Turkey is a not European country in geographical term. However, Turkey has been politically and economically associated with the Europe: she is a member of NATO, the Council of Europe and associate member of the EU that foresaw an eventual Turkish membership.