chapter  10
14 Pages

Art and the crusades

Art and the crusades In the nineteenth century, art was becoming more popular, with annual exhibitions in London such as the Summer Exhibition at the Royal Academy (1769 onwards); British Institution (1806 onwards) and Society of British Artists (1824 onwards), which attracted large audiences and were replicated in a number of regional towns and cities. By the 1880s, there were about 350,000 visitors a year to the Summer Exhibition, and the Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition in 1857 drew over a million during a six month period. This was also the period when museums and galleries were being built in Birmingham, Leeds and other major British towns and cities, under the patronage of the leading industrialists of the day such as the brewer Walker of Liverpool. It was, however, not only a question of seeing works of art face to face. There was in parallel a development of reproductive techniques such as lithographs and images of paintings thereby reached a much wider audience. One vehicle for this was The Illustrated London News, which published exhibition notices and illustrations. Started in 1842, it was selling 250,000 copies by 1852.