Travellers and plenipotentiaries
Another perspective on the crusades was offered to those who travelled to the Holy Land, Egypt and Syria. The late nineteenth century saw the beginnings of mass tourism and the establishment of the package tour by the firm of Thomas Cook. Numerous accounts of these journeys or pilgrimages survive and guidebooks of the region were also published for future travellers. For most, the prime focus was sites associated with the Bible and the life of Christ, but some, as they travelled around, took note of subsequent events and strata of history, including the crusades. A selection of their observations are discussed here.