chapter  4
8 Pages

The Birth-Hour of Muslim Law?: An Essay in Exegesis

S.D.Goitein Islamicreligionischaracterizedbytheprominenceoflegalconcep-

tionsinitssystem:TheShari'ah,orholylaw,isitsveryessence,and Fiqh,orreligiousjurisprudence,isitsscience(cilm)parexcellence. Theminuteobservationofmanycommandmentsisitsmostconspicuous practicalaspect;thefreefellowshipofreligiousscholars,whodonot needauthorizationbyanygovernmenttointerpret,develop,andapply itslaw,isitsmostrepresentativebody,andeventhepurelylegalsectionsoftheFiqharestudiedreverentlyasanactofworship.