The Year 611 [1214–1215]
This chapter deals with the events of the year 611 (1214-1215) in the lifetime of Ibn al-Athir. It gives an account of how Khwarazm Shah ‘Ala’ al-Din [Muḥammad] took Kirman, Makran and Sind. The exact year of this event is in doubt. Harb ibn Muhammad ibn Abi’l-Fadl brought Abu Bakr to battle but had no strength to oppose him, for he was weak, so Abu Bakr conquered Kirman in very quick time. From there he proceeded to the regions of Makran, all of which he took as far as Sind on the borders of Kabul. The reason why the rulers of Qalhat and Oman submitted to Abu Bakr despite the great distance (separated as they were by the sea) was that they sought his favour by offering allegiance in order that the masters of the ships that travel there might have nothing to fear from him.