10 Pages


WithDamian Smith, Helena Buffery

In 1134,1 a few weeks after being defeated at the battle of Fraga, Alfonso I of Aragon and Navarre died. Alfonso, known as “the Battler”, had been a formidable Christian warrior, imbued with the crusading spirit. He had greatly expanded his kingdom by conquests against the Moors. His exploits had helped ensure that the Church would view the conquest of Spain as little less pressing a task than the conquest of the Holy Land.