Kant’s Faculties and the ‘I think’
Kant conceived of ordinary human experience as unfolding in a cognitive region where the intelligible and the sensible are encountered as a richly structured unity. One of the main tasks of reason is to ask how this unity – i.e. human experience – is possible. In brief Kant’s answer is that human beings are gifted with a set of cognitive faculties which issue in representations. These faculties can combine in different ways to produce a variety of kinds of representation – the different forms of human experience. The challenge of this chapter is to consider the nature of the faculties, how they combine, their relation to the transcendental subject (the ground of the understanding) and the shortcomings of Kant’s account.