Logic and Ontology in the Logic of the Concept
From the discussion of the syllogism, Hegel moves to the consideration of the object. The disjunctive syllogism gave us a form of reasoning in which the immediacy of the universal (and so the unity of the universal and the particular) was re-established in the individual. Such an individual that unites the universal and the particular Hegel calls an object. Here Hegel is of course concerned with the concept, or we might say the logic, of the object as something independent and self-determining. The category of the object is a much more advanced one than that of the thing, which Hegel considers in the Logic of Essence. The thing stands in opposition to its properties (i.e. thing and property mediated one another reflectively), whereas the concept of the object has the self-mediating logic of the syllogism – specifically the disjunctive syllogism in which subject and predicate or universal and particular are unified in the individual – implicit in it. This means that the concept of the object is already implicitly a unity of subject and object, though it is initially a unity in itself, and not yet in and for itself.