Labor Partnerships in Early Islamic Law
If one of the partners in a work partnership is absent, or sick, or does not work while his colleague is working, the profit is still to be shared between them according to what they agreed upon. This is similar to what is recounted concerning a man who came to the Messenger of God, may God bless him and keep him, and said: "While I am working in the market place, my partner is praying in the mosque." The Messenger of God, may God bless him and keep him, replied: "Perhaps your business success 2) derives from him". The meaning of this is that the claim to reward derives from the acceptance of the work and not necessarily from its direct personal execution; in this case, the acceptance was on behalf of both partners, even if the work itself was carried out by only one of them 3).