chapter  Chapter 2
21 Pages

Plural Referring Expressions in Natural Language

WithHanoch Ben-Yami

The predicate calculus distinguishes between singular terms, which are said to denote, designate, "stand for" or refer to particulars; and predicates, which can be said to attribute properties and relations to particulars denoted by singular terms. The form of the basic sentence of the calculus is 'P(a1, ... an)', where each of 'a1 ' to 'an ' designates a particular, and 'P' is used to say that an n-place relation holds between these particulars, or, in case n=1, that the single particular referred to has a certain property.