Multiple causes, uncertain effects
Land policy, like other kinds of public policy (Heywood 2007: 426-437; Patton & Sawicki 1993: 3), is supposed to solve problems, respond to challenges, or take opportunities. Without my choices and actions, every policymaker assumes, the world will be worse off. The choices and actions of spatial planners and other policymakers reflect a comparison between the way things are (status quo ante) and the way things should be. Upon the implementation of the new land policy, the popular view assumes, things will be better than before.