chapter  29
10 Pages

Governing the Globalization of Public Health

As a further example, the evolution of international health law has been very much tied to the protection and promotion of human rights related to physical and mental integrity.17 The principal international legal basis for the right to health and other human rights relevant to health is found in the core instruments of human rights law: the International Bill of Rights which consists of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966), and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966). However, there has been an emerging global understanding, arising primarily from public health approaches to HIV/AIDS, that human rights and public health are intertwined and interdependent18 Consequently, the domain of human rights in relation to health has expanded conspicuously in the last decade or so with bodies of the United Nations system paying increasing attention to the interrelation between health and human rights, and tailored human rights instruments now address the rights of particular populations, such as persons with HIV/AIDS and disabilities, women, children, migrant workers, and refugees19 and, most recently, the interrelation between the human right to health and access to medicines.