chapter  2
26 Pages

P 'unŏri - Musical Practice in Ritual

In East Coast hereditary-style ritual, the musical instruments that are central to proceedings are the changgo (the ubiquitous Korean double-headed hourglass drum), kkwaenggwari (small hand gong), and ching (large gong). Para (cymbals) may occasionally be added to the texture as an optional extra and, until the recent demise of Kim Sokch'ul, the t 'aep 'yongso (shawm) could also sometimes be heard in ritual, similarly as an optional extra. However, Kim did not impart his skills to any of the younger yangjung and so it seems unlikely that the instrument will be heard in ritual again.