chapter  11
2 Pages

What Is Personal Data?

In 2004 the Information Commissioner commissioned research into the question

‘What is personal data?’. The report 1

considered several aspects of the question.

First, the sociological issues were identified as our fears arising from modernity,

bureaucracy and the use of information by organisations and the state. Our fears also

relate to social control and surveillance, the identification and accountability of

individuals and how these might be used to serve the interests of the powerful.