chapter  8
12 Pages


The main of this book is to whether there is any evidence to suggest that economic freedom will lead to that social and economic and transformations will lead to and that China is moving closer to democracy. This book

framework for the transitional case been based on transitional theories and the new political actors, institutions and six institutional environments. In the

the institutional analytic framework is to three case reform and the the restoration of

private and and (3) the political and cultural orientations of the mass

The from the case studies on the interactions actors, institutions and institutional environments

in one institutional environment often lead to changes in other institutional and that in the institutional environments have an influence on the institutional behavior of the post-Mao ruling who tend to be less more and more responsive to the institutional environments. The evidence of the case studies

the null and the alternative that China is on the continuum of 2.1 ), towards as institutional building in the economic arena or environment has been into the civil-social, constitutional and political environments (see it is not a democratic transition conventionally recognized by transitional theorists because it lacks an immediate

institutional environments will be measured against the six institutional environments and on the continuum of change (see

2.1 ). institutional behavior of the elite will be examined in the context of in the institutional environments. the in China will be as well as any

to a Maoist authoritarian

claim that the five arenas or macro institutional environments are interactive and with each an effect on the other and 1996,

elite wanted to reform the economy and to open up to the rest of the world with a clear intention to the economy at the

reform and to institutional aa:am:anon

In response to both intemational and domestic economic and the reform-minded elite initiated the discussion on the

the The institutionalization

in documents and the constitution was not co:mr•1e1:eo until 1993 when an amendment was added to the constitution that endorsed abolished the collective or~(aniza.tion

and the

arenas or

and labor resources, the elite sta1ied to issue individual economy. Their d",t"'""'

to the domestic received much better treatment terms of market entrance, tax recmcnons, access to bank loans. 1 economic zones were created to attract

not treatment but also

was economy in China. with democratic

Pn1'""'"""'''"'" the above on~ieJ:ential semi-market enviromnent to them feel like


economic coastal areas

achieved a

towards liberal and values that are The data of the survey does not the

conventional view that the new bourgeoisie, entrepreneurs, are proauthoritarian and may become obstacles to democratization in China. Rather, the data suggests that these newly rich would a democratic transition if the prospective democratic polity can provide more legal protection for their business and private properties.