chapter  XVI
15 Pages

Administrative Responsibilities

Teachers as administrators perhaps even more than teachers as craftsmen or as technicians are concerned with their own relationships to other people, as leaders of their pupils, as colleagues or assistants, and as representative adults in contact with parents or prospective employers in the world outside. A recognition of the complexity of group relationships came from these studies of children and young people in informal groups in camps and clubs. Through such self-pictures reward and punishment, praise and blame reach relative degrees of effectiveness; and in terms of such concepts morale is built and school 'discipline' is ultimately maintained. The attitudes and the expectations of parents have long been believed to affect the reactions of boys and girls; but in this field also more is now known as to the ubiquity of the human longing to find oneself in the right; and it is more readily admitted that changes can be effected in the attitudes of even the most antagonistic.