The repercussions of Symbolism
Symbolism, as the term has so far been understood, is limited to a small number of outstanding French poets from about 1850 to about 1920 all of whom had a number of aims in common. The idealist side of Symbolism can be discerned in the novel as well as in the theatre. German literature, as well as English literature, was influenced by French Symbolism and it is the two outstanding poets of the early part of the twentieth century, Rainer Maria Rilke and Stefan George, in whom this influence can most clearly be seen. The influence of Symbolism extended beyond Germany to Russia where a number of writers in the 1890s and in the early years of the twentieth century enthusiastically adopted the ideas of the French Symbolists.